PEDESTRIAN REGULATIONS When a sidewalk is available, pedestrians are not allowed to walk on the roadway.
Where sidewalks are not provided, pedestrians shall walk on the shoulder on the left side of the roadway, facing traffic.
When traffic signals are not present or not operational, the driver of a vehicle must yield the right of way, slowing or stopping if necessary, to pedestrians crossing within a crosswalk.
Pedestrians crossing the roadway at any point other than within a marked or unmarked crosswalk must yield the right of way to the vehicles upon the roadway.
Pavement markings are not required for crosswalks at intersections. Imaginary lines connecting the sidewalks on opposite sides of an intersection define an unmarked crosswalk. Pedestrians in unmarked crosswalks have all the rights of pedestrians in marked crosswalks.
No pedestrian shall walk upon a limited access facility (freeway or interstate highway) or a ramp connecting a limited access facility to any other street or highway.
SOURCE: Sections 316.130 and 316.091, Florida Statutes
BICYCLE REGULATIONS In Florida a bicycle is legally defined as a vehicle. Bicyclists have the same rights to the roadway, and must obey the same traffic laws as the operators of other vehicles.
When riding on sidewalks or in crosswalks, a bicyclist has the same rights and duties as a pedestrian.
A bicyclist riding on sidewalks or in crosswalks must yield the right of way to pedestrians and must give an audible signal before passing.
A bicycle operated between sunset and sunrise must be equipped with a lamp on the front exhibiting a white light visible from 500 feet to the front and a red reflector and a lamp on the rear exhibiting a red light visible from 600 feet to the rear.
A bicyclist who is not traveling at the same speed of other traffic must ride as close as practical to the right hand curb or edge of roadway. A bicyclist may leave the right-most portion of the road in one of the following situations: when passing, making a left turn, to avoid hazards, or when a lane is too narrow for a bicycle and a car to share it safely.
*Riding single file is required except on bike paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles, or when two people riding side-byside within one lane will not impede traffic flow.
SOURCE: Section 316.2065, Florida Statutes
Tips for Motorists re: Pedestrians
(Section 316.075, F.S.)
Before making a right turn on red, the driver of any vehicle must first stop before the crosswalk, and yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing the roadway as directed by the signal.
In making a left or right turn on
green, the driver of any vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian
crossing the roadway as directed by the signal.
Stopping for pedestrians in crosswalks
(Section 316.130, F.S.)
When traffic signals are not present or not in operation, the driver of a vehicle must yield the right-of-way, slowing or stopping if necessary, to pedestrians crossing within a crosswalk upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.
A driver may not overtake another
driver stopped at a marked or unmarked crosswalk. (A pedestrian may be crossing
in the crosswalk, hidden from view by the stopped vehicle.)
Stopping at sidewalk before entering roadway
(Section 316.125, F.S.)
The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, building, private road or driveway within a business or residence district shall stop the vehicle immediately prior to driving onto a sidewalk or onto the sidewalk area extending across the alley, building entrance, road or driveway, or in the event there is no sidewalk area, shall stop at the point nearest the street to be entered where the driver has a view of approaching traffic thereon and shall yield to all vehicles and pedestrians which are so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard.
responsibility to exercise care
(Section 316.130, F.S.)
Notwithstanding other provisions of this chapter, every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian or any person propelling a human-powered vehicle and give warning when necessary and exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or any obviously confused or incapacitated person.
(Sections 316.183, 316.185, F.S.)
No person shall drive a vehicle on a highway at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions and having regard to the actual and potential hazards then existing. In every event, speed shall be controlled as may be necessary to avoid colliding with any person, or vehicle on or entering the highway in compliance with legal requirements and the duty of all persons to use due care.
The driver of every vehicle shall
drive at an appropriately reduced speed when approaching and going around a
curve; approaching a hill crest; traveling upon any narrow or winding roadway;
and when any special hazard exists with respect to pedestrians or other traffic
or by reason of weather or highway conditions.
The fact that a driver is traveling at less than the speed limit does not relieve him of the duty to reduce speed in such conditions. A driver must reduce speed as necessary to avoid colliding with any person legally present on the street.
regulations to assist blind persons
(Section 316.1301, F.S.)
A driver must come to a stop before reaching a location where a blind pedestrian is crossing, or attempting to cross, a public street or highway. For purposes of this law, a blind pedestrian is a pedestrian guided by a dog guide or carrying in a raised or extended position a white cane (or white cane tipped with red). Before proceeding, the driver must take precautions to avoid injuring the pedestrian.
Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to deprive any totally or partially blind or otherwise incapacitated person not carrying such a cane or walking stick, or not being guided by a dog, of the rights and privileges conferred by law upon pedestrians crossing streets or highways. The failure of any such person to carry a cane or walking stick or to be guided by a dog shall not be considered comparative negligence, nor shall such failure be admissible as evidence in the trial of any civil action with regard to negligence.